Speakers are often called upon to give different kinds of talks. This manual contains information about giving the most common ones, and it covers impromptu talks, preparing inspirational speeches, selling a product, reading out loud and introducing a speaker.

Project 1 - Speak Off the Cuff


Time: The duraton of a club meeting (To be arranged with the vice president for education).

Executive Summary:

A proper introduction prepares the audience for the speaker, helping them to focus their attention on him or her and sometimes even preparing listeners for a change in mood. The introduction should highlight the speaker, explaining who the speaker is and why he or she is qualified to speak on that topic. A good introduction requires just as much preparation as a prepared speech and should be drafted well beforehand.

Objectives:

  • Focus on the special occasion talk from the standpoint of the introducer (function chair, toastmaster, master of ceremonies).
  • Become knowledgeable and skilled in the functions associated with the master of ceremonies.
  • Handle the introduction of other speakers at a club meeting.

Executive Summary:
Every day you most likely are asked to give your opinion, offer advice or contribute an idea or piece of information. Such impromptu talks are opportunities to build your confidence and improve your speaking skills. You can prepare for impromptu speaking situations by reading, listening and keeping abreast of current events and by knowing the different ways in which you can organize your thoughts.

Objectives:

  • Develop an awareness of situations in which you might be called upon to deliver an impromptu speech.
  • Understand how to prepare for impromptu speaking.
  • Develop skill as a speaker in the impromptu situation by using one or more patterns to approach a topic under discussion; for example, comparing past, present, and future situation or before and after.

Project 2 - Uplift the Spirit


Time: EIght to ten minutesE

Executive Summary:
An inspirational speech acknowledges listerners' present beliefts, values and sentiments, explains the need for change, then encourages and motivates listeners to make these changes. An inspirational speaker's success relies heavily on delivery, language, vocal variety and phrasing. The inspirational speaker adapts to the mood and formality of the occassion and conveys confidence, sincerity, conviction and enthusiasm.

Objectives:

  • Identify and understand the basic difference and similarities between inspirational speeches and other kinds of speeches.
  • Learn how to evaluate audience feeling and establish emotional rapport.
  • Develop a speech style and delivery that effectively expresses inspirational content by moving the audience to adopt your views.

Project 3 - Sell a Product


Time: Ten to twelve minutes

Executive Summary:
A sales presentation is a type of persuasive speech. Its purpose is to generate listeners' interest in the service or product you are selling and motivate them to buy it. You should create a "Unique Selling Proposition" that explains how your service or product will benefit them and how it is better than the competition's service or product. Be sure to incorporate words that have proven to be effective in the sales process. Plan for listeners' potential objections and be able to refute them.

Objectives:

  • Understand the relationship of sales techniques to persuasion.
  • Skillfully use the four steps in a sales presentation: attention, interest, desire, action.
  • Identify and promote a unique selling proposition in a sales presentation..

Project 4 - Read Out Loud


Time: 12 to 15 minutes

Executive Summary:

An interpretive reader communicates the ideas and emotions of someone else. You read from a work of literature, using your voice and body to convey the ideas, emotions, and attitudes and intentions of the author. Creating the illusion of spontaneity is key to effective interpretive reading and requires close attention to pacing, animation, rhythm, tone and inflection. If the literature you select requires cutting to fit time requirements, begin the reading at a point of crisis and move directly toward the climax.

Objectives:

  • Arrive at an understanding of the elements that comprise oral interpretation and how it differs from preparing and giving a speech.
  • Learn the preparation or planning techniques of effective interpretation.
  • Learn the principles of presentation and develop skill in interpretive reading with regard to voice and body as instruments of communication.

Project 5 - Introduce the Speaker


Time: The duraton of a club meeting (To be arranged with the vice president for education).

Executive Summary:

A proper introduction prepares the audience for the speaker, helping them to focus their attention on him or her and sometimes even preparing listeners for a change in mood. The introduction should highlight the speaker, explaining who the speaker is and why he or she is qualified to speak on that topic. A good introduction requires just as much preparation as a prepared speech and should be drafted well beforehand.

Objectives:

  • Focus on the special occasion talk from the standpoint of the introducer (function chair, toastmaster, master of ceremonies).
  • Become knowledgeable and skilled in the functions associated with the master of ceremonies.
  • Handle the introduction of other speakers at a club meeting.